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2015年TOEFL考试写作真题解析(AB卷)

2015-07-21 11:01:33

2015年TOEFL考试写作真题解析(AB卷)

  A卷:

  Taking children to field trips( for example, to a museum) is a better way of education than learning at school in a classroom.

  这道题目是一个比较类的题目。此类题目在托福写作中是非常常见的。对于这类题目,我们应该注意的是,在分论点的展开过程中,应该每一段都体现出题目中两个对象的比较和对比。另外,此题属于校园生活类话题,在历年的托福考题中也并不鲜见,难度并不大。

  例文:

  People have always been looking for effective ways to educate our children, who determines the future of a nation. In that case, some original and creative teachers start their classes with field trips, which I believe is a better way than learning at school in a classroom in educating students.

  In the first place, going on field trips enables the students to study actively and positively. The unknown excitement and adventures of field trips can always attract the students as it is the nature of them to be curious about the events that they rarely or never experienced. Before the trips, they will be so curious that they will do research on the destinations, looking for their origin and history. And that helps with the ability to gain information from a variety of approaches, libraries, magazines, TV programs, the internet, and so forth. Conversely, in normal everyday classes, the students have to study what the textbooks and teachers tell them, where there exists no internal motivation, which is an essential part for efficient learning. we can see that the traditional classrooms creates passive learning, whereas the field trips contributes more to active learning.

  In addition, the active learning resulting from out-of-classroom activities lasts longer than passive learning and helps the students understand the theories and principles better. As different field trips possesses different excitement, students curiosity never reduces. On the other hand, young people can study better by witnessing how the theories and principles work and how great the masters’ works are. Students remember things when they are experiencing in person instead of listening to stories in normal classrooms.

  I admit that there might be some disadvantages on the field trips, which classrooms do not have. It might be hard for the teachers to put the students in order and ensure their security. But as long as we have enough teachers taking care of them on the trip and tell them to obey the rules, the students will be easy to deal with and we can minimize the possibility of danger. As a result, we cannot sacrifice the beauty of field trips because of the problems that we can handle.

To sum up, the benefits that field trips can bring is evident and schools should provide more opportunities for the students to go on the trips. In this way, the students will be more active in learning and the study efficiency will be improved and they will create a more beautiful world for us, using the knowledge they obtained on campus.

 B卷:

  People will spend less time in cooking and preparing for food in 20 years. Do you agree or disagree.

  此题是一道典型的对比类题目,难度也不大。

  如果同意可以讲:1,生活节奏加快,人们忙于工作;2,高科技厨具的发明,减少了做饭时间;3,人们生活水平提高了,更愿意买饭,因为更美味。

  如果不同意可以讲:1,做饭是一件快乐的事,是减轻压力释放心情的好方法;2,人们不用忙于工作了,更有时间做饭;3,自己做得更健康,更卫生。

  例文:

  The most unforgettable memories in my childhood was when I sat in the kitchen and watch my mother cook delicious food for me. While cooking, she usually tells me stories and the philosophy of life of those stories. Until today, she cooks for me in the way she did when I was little. However, in twenty years from now, society will undergo great changes and so will people’s cooking habits. They wonderful cooking moments will not appear and people will spend less time in cooking.

  In the first place, the development of technology allows people to reduce the time spent in cooking and preparing for food, which can be predicted through what is happening now, compared with what it was in the past. Today, we have microwave ovens, electromagnetic ovens, blenders and many other cookers to accelerate the cooking process. What took hours hours for us to prepare costs only a few minutes. So we can safely say that in twenty years from now, the technology will be more advanced and continue to help us reduce the time for cooking. And the new equipment will be widely welcomed.

  In addition, the speed at which people live will increase and people will be busier. With the increment of human population, the job market will be more and more fierce. In order not to get swept out of the work place, people will have to devote more to their work and leave less time for other activities in life, cooking, for example. And this is the reason why I mentioned the popularity of new cooking devices in the last paragraph.

  Using the advanced cooking devices is not the only way that people use to deal with the complicated work. Also, deep down in their mind, they will love to buy whatever they think is delicious to reward themselves for the sacrifice in work. They have already worked hard enough to make a living and the dishes from good restaurants, which are more delicious than the one cooked by themselves, is exactly what they deserve. Thus, it is evident that they will cook or prepare food by themselves less.

  Admittedly, some food in restaurants is not healthy enough and is sometimes not clean. But I believe that, in twenty years, the supervision of the government will be more comprehensive and we can minimize this kind of problem.

  How you cook or whether you cook or not does not matter. What really matters is the health and happiness. So choosing a healthier way to cook and eat is essential for the future happiness, which we all pursue.



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